Dirty Ingredients - Credo

All Dirty Ingredients

Our promise to screen products for known harmful ingredients or animal by-products begins here, with our list of dirty ingredients we commit to avoid stocking:

  • Animal by-products: Oils, musks & fats extracted from live and/or dead animals. We allow beeswax and lanolin if the process by which they have been collected has been done mindfully; meaning no direct harm has come to the bees (for beeswax) or the sheep (for lanolin). Any product that does contain lanolin, we ask that the source has been verified to be aligned with our values, and not exposed to or near any spraying of pesticides amongst other things. Regarding the deep red pigment known as “Carmine” the color is procured from harvesting the cochineal insect, first drying and then pulverizing them. You can read more about Carmine here.

  • Chemical SPFs: Benzophenone; Diphenylmethanone; Diphenyl ketone; 119-61-9; Benzoylbenzene; Phenyl ketone; Oxybenzone; 2-Hydroxy-4 Methoxybenzophenone; 131-57-7; Benzophenone-3; (2-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl). Another chemical SPF found in many brands is Avobenzone. Considered the “safest” chemical sunscreen, we find it concerning because of the way it breaks down in/on the skin. You can read more about our take on it in our statement on Avobenzone here.

  • Hydroquinone: used for skin lightening: 1,4-Benzenediol; 1,4-Benzoquinol; 1,4-Dihydroxybenzene; Dihydroquinone; Eldopacque; Eldopaque; Eldopaque Forte; Eldoquin; 4-Hydroxyphenol; p-Hydroxyphenol; p-Phenylenediol; p-Quinol.

  • Parabens: all preservatives containing ethylparaben, butylparaben, isobutylparaben, isopropylparaben, methylparaben and propylparaben.

  • Ethoxylated ingredients: are ingredients that are synthetically produced using ethylene oxide - a known carcinogen. These new chemical compounds are known as ethoxylated compounds. A by-product of this process is another chemical known to be harmful: 1,4 dioxane. Also, the chemicals listed below are all produced using this process of ethoxylation and, as a result, are contaminated with 1,4 dioxane. To avoid ethoxylated compounds look for these ingredients listed on labels:

-Butoxyethanol: Synonyms: Butyl cellosolve; Ethylene glycol mono-n-butyl ether; Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether; EGBE; Dowanol EB; Butyl oxitol; Jeffersol EB; Ektasolve EB
-Ethanolamines (DEA/TEA/MEA/ETA)
-Polysorbates: Synonyms are All PEG (Polyethylene & Polypropylene glycol) compounds, like PEG-20, 40, 60, and its synonyms, Polysorbate-20, Polysorbate-40,etc. Emulsifying Wax NF is also ethoxylated.
-Sorbitan Monostearate and other sorbitan based ingredients are also synonyms with PEGs (polysorbates).
-Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES), Ammonium Laureth Sulfate and most ingredients ending in “-eth”.
-Any ingredient known to actually contain 1,4-dioxane

 

    Ingredients that will never actually be listed on the ingredient deck, but their by-products, residues and derivatives listed below are not present [to the best of our ability to verify] in any products we carry at Credo.
    • “Formaldehyde” will never be seen listed as an ingredient by itself, but other concerning chemicals known as Formaldehyde releasing chemicals, also known as Formaldehyde donors, often are. So watch out for these chemicals that release formaldehyde when two or more other chemicals react to each other, or sometimes when other synthetic chemicals age and deteriorate: DMDM Hydantoin/ Diazolidinyl Urea/ Methylisothiazolinone, Tetrasodium EDTA, disodium EDTA, and calcium disodium EDTA.

    • Heavy Metals: You’ll never actually see these ingredients listed, but they occur at trace levels in some pigments that are mined, like micas. We trust that our vendors who use mineral-based pigments have procured them from trusted sources and can verify they don’t contain concerning percentages. It’s for this reason that the FDA regulates color pigments, to protect the consumer from exposure to high dosages of heavy metals. We follow the FDA approved guidelines for regulated pigments and ask that our vendors verify that if they use FD& C colors that they can trace the source and assure their colors are within FD&C accepted parameters.All products must meet the minimums established by FDA for cosmetics for residues of: Mercury & Mercury Compounds, Lead, Arsenic, Cadmium 

      • Phthalates, you may never see the word “phthalates” listed, but will see: DBP, DEHP, DEP, and its synonyms: 1,2-benzendicarboxylicacid, dimethylester; 1,2-dimethyl phthalate;ai3-00262; Avolin; caswellno380; Dimethyl 1,2-benzenedicarboxylate acid; Dimethyl benzene-o-dicarboxylate; Dimethyl benzeneorthodicarboxylate.
      • Petrolatum - Petrochemicals: You will rarely see “petrolatum” listed anymore. However its by-products are often listed.  We’ve included a list of a few glaringly concerning petroleum derivatives below. But sometimes, petroleum is actually listed, but clever marketers will disguise the name, we’ve tried to include all of the synonyms below. Contaminants from hydrocarbons, and the processing of crude oil: Toluene, Hexane, Mineral Oil, Paraffin Wax, Benzene, Mineral oil, Liquid paraffin

      Ingredients you may find listed in some of our products that we continue to monitor and recognize there is some controversy surrounding them.  We have allowed them for now and provided context for doing so:

      • The Glycols, and what we are referring to specifically are Propylene Glycol and Butylene Glycol. (The other glycol, polypropylene glycol, also known as PEG, is an ethoxylated ingredient and is included on our Dirty List).  These two glycols, Propylene and Butylene, are synthetic chemicals derived from petroleum compounds and are used mostly to attract moisture to the skin, as well as condition the texture of the product to keep it from separating.  The Cosmos Standard in the EU accepts Propylene and Butylene at small levels and there is not enough research to document major concerns.  One thing we are aware of however is that these two glycols may increase the skin’s ability to absorb, meaning if the product contains anything in it that may be potentially irritating the glycols would increase their absorption
      • Retinyl Palmitate, and other various retinoids, (Vitamin A palmitate). The concern is mostly when the ingredient is on the skin and then exposed to sunlight. Retinyl Palmitate appears to be safe in night creams and other applications in when not exposed to sunlight.  You can read more about our take on Retinol here.
      • Silicones.  You will mostly find them listed as dimethicone, cyclomethicone, cyclopentasiloxane , or ingredients ending in “cone” - and they are included as an ingredient to adjust the texture, make the skin feel smooth, fill in wrinkles, and add shine and glow. There really isn’t enough research to identify this synthetic chemical as cause for concern for human health, but there are a few things about it that we thought we’d let you know so you can make an informed decision: 1) It is a totally synthetically manufactured chemical, not derived from plants 2) It’s has been shown to bio-accumulate, meaning it does not biodegrade and may cause environmental damage, 3) It is an occlusive, meaning it will clog pores.  So if you are acne prone, it may be best to stay away from products that list this as an ingredient. 
      • Synthetic Color pigments derived from petroleum (aka coal tars). These color pigments are highly regulated by the FDA, and the FDA only allows the use of these specific FDA approved colorants – we verify this with our brand partners to ensure their compliance. You can read more about our take on synthetic color here.
      • Synthetic Fragrance. Note: EU labeling laws require that any product that is scented by either plant-based (meaning essential oils) or nature-identical compounds (synthetic compounds that mimic naturally occurring ones) be listed as “fragrance” or “parfum” on the label. Brands using essential oil blends are asked to identify the individual oils by using an *. Whereas a brand that uses synthetic compounds (aka natural identical) will not list the individual chemical compounds.  We thoroughly vet brands using synthetic fragrance, note it on each ingredient page and obtain a statement that they have verified that the synthetic fragrance molecules used do not contain phthalates.  You can read more about our take on fragrance here.

      Ingredients that you will most likely not see listed anymore on any ingredient deck – and certainly not in any brand or product at Credo.  There has been recent legislation in the US, EU, UK and Japan, banning and restricting their inclusion in personal care products:

      • Antimicrobials:
        • Triclosan: Synonyms: 5-chloro-2-(2-4dichlorophenoxy)phenol.
        • Triclocarban,: Synonyms: TCC; cusiter; CUTISAN; CP 78416;ent26925; Nobacter; genoface; ENT 26925;Procutene; NSC-72005.

      Note:  As of September 2016, a new FDA ruling has now banned the use of these ingredients in antibacterial washes and sanitizers.

      • BHT /BHA, preservatives: butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene

      Note: These chemicals are banned in UK and Japan; and are not often found in cosmetics; they are more often used as a preservative in food.

      • Bisphenols: Bisphenol A (BPA): bisphenol B (BPB), bisphenol E (BPE), bisphenol F (BPF), bisphenol S (BPS) and 4-cumylphenol (HPP) to BPA

      Note: Generally, you won’t find this listed as a cosmetic ingredient, but if it does appear, its more likely found in color cosmetics. The concern is mostly in its presence in plastic containers and paper receipt coatings – which has recently been banned in France.

      • Methyl Cellosolve; Synonym: 2-Methoxyethanol.

      Note:  Because this ingredient has been banned in the EU (it’s a solvent used as an additive in perfumes). Chances are you won’t see it listed anymore as an actual ingredient component.

      • Methylisothiazolinone: Synonyms: 3(2H)-Isothiazolone, 2-methyl-; 2-Methyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one; 2-Methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one; 2-Methyl-3(2H)-isothiazolone

      Note: As of January 2016 the EU has banned the use of this preservative, also known as MIT, in leave-on cosmetic products.  So you probably won’t see this listed anymore as an ingredient component.

      • Resorcinol and 2-Methylresorcinol: also listed as 1,3-benzenediol, resorcin, 1,3-dihydroxybenzene(m-hydroxybenze, m-dihydroxyphenol) are mostly exclusively used in hair dyes, to help the color bond to hair shaft, which are a category of products we don’t sell at Credo. Occasionally however they may creep into acne treatments to help smooth scaly, uneven skin.  The main concern with these chemicals are their actions as colorants. The EU, Japan and even the US has restricted their use.

      Credo also screens for ingredients accepted by referencing the below allowed lists: The California Safe Cosmetic ActCalifornia Safe Cosmetic Act 2005 listed material and known carcinogensECOCERT approved ingredients

      In addition, our brands must use 100% biodegradable, recyclable or reusable packaging. Credo is 100% cruelty free and finished products must never be tested on animals

          Cleansers:

          • Benzalkonium Chloride [Allergen][1]
          • BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) [Frank Carcinogen] [2]
          • Coal Tar [Frank Carcinogen][3]
          • 1,4-Dioxane [Hidden Carcinogen] Note: “you won’t find it on ingredient labels. That’s because 1,4-dioxane is a contaminant created when common ingredients react to form the compound when mixed together.”   It’s often present in products that sud using SLS and PEG compounds.[4]
          • Tetrasodium EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid tetrasodium salt) [Hormone Disrupter][5]
          • Formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing preservatives (FRPs) [Frank and Hidden Carcinogens][6]
          • Fragrance (Parfum) [Allergens, Hidden Carcinogen, Hormone Disruptor][7]
          • Ethanolamines (DEA/TEA/MEA/ETA) [hidden carcinogen, penetration enhancer][1]
          • Methyl Cellosolve [Hormone Disruptor][1]
          • Methylisothiazolinone ( also known as MI or MIT) and methylchloroisothiazolinone ( also known as MCI) [Penetration Enhancer, Allergen][1]
          • PEGs (polyethylene glycol) [Frank and Hidden Carcinogen][1]
          • Petroleum and mineral oil derived ingredients [Frank and Hidden carcinogen][1]
          • Parabens [Hormone Disruptor, Hidden Carcinogen]
          • SLS (Sodium lauryl sulfate) and SLES [Penetration enhancer, Allergen]
          • Triclosan [Penetration Enhancer, Allergen]

          -----

          [1] Check for other names it may be listed as - find on our Dirty List

          [2] Despite the contrversy, the FDA still claims this ingredient as safe see: http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/PublicHealthFocus/ucm064437.htm - though we think its best to avoid, as there has been no definitive finding on its accumulative effects.

          [3] Coal tar is rarely listed as such, but traditionally most colors for color cosmetics were derived from it; and the FDA has had to regulate their usage, as many have been found to be carcinogenic.

          [4] http://www.safecosmetics.org/get-the-facts/chemicals-of-concern/14-dioxane/

          [5] EDTA is an example of of a preservative that is derived from Formaldehyde, and has also been shown to release 1,4 Dioxane.

          [6] Formaldehyde is rarely listed on its own, but it is the source of many preservatives which are controversial for their potential carcinogenic components.  It is also known by many other names, so check the Dirty List for its other names.

          [7] Fragrance /Parfum has come to mean scents (aromas) that are created using synthetic molecules and that are not plant-based. If a product is scented with essential oils, the essential oils should (according to FDA Labeling requirements) be listed individually in the INCI format.  If the scent is created artificially, using laboratory synthesized molecules to mimic aromas found in nature, then the aroma of the product is listed as fragrance or parfum.  In the new age of “clean” beauty, cosmetic science technology has been able to create synthetic aromas in safer ways, without using phthalates.  Credo only accepts fragrance as an ingredient, when we know it is phthalate-free.

           

          Color Cosmetics:

          • Oxybenzone [Allergen Penetration Enhancer][1]
          • BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) [Frank and Hidden Carcinogen]
          • BPA [Frank and Hidden Carcinogen]
          • Carmine [Allergen]
          • Coal Tar [Frank and Hidden Carcinogen]
          • Tetrasodium ETDA [Hormone Disrupter]
          • Ethanolamines (DEA/TEA/MEA/ETA) [Hidden Carcinogen, penetration Enhancer]
          • Formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing preservatives (FRPs) [Frank and hidden Carcinogen]
          • Mercury compounds (Thiomersal) [Frank and Hidden carcinogen]
          • Phthalates [Frank Carcinogen, Hormone Disrupter]
          • Parabens [Hormone Disrupter, Hidden carcinogen]
          • PEGs (polyethylene glycol) [Frank and Hidden Carcinogen]

          -----

          [1] Check for other names it may be listed as - find on our Dirty List

          Creams and Lotions, (including serums and oils, for face, eye lips and body):

          • Benzalkonium chloride [Allergen]
          • BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) [frank and Hidden carcinogen]
          • Coal Tar [frank carcinogen]
          • 1,4-Dioxane [Hidden carcinogen]
          • Ethanolamines (DEA/TEA/MEA/ETA) [Hidden Carcinogen and Penetration Enhancer]
          • Formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing preservatives (FRPs) [Frank and Hidden Carcinogen]
          • Methyl Cellosolve [Hormone Disrupter]
          • Methylisothiazolinone ( also known as MI or MIT) and methylchloroisothiazolinone ( also known as MCI) [Penetration Enhancer, Allergen]
          • Mercury compounds (Thiomersal) [Frank Carcinogen]
          • PEGs (polyethylene glycol) {Frank and Hidden carcinogen]
          • Parabens [Hormone Disrupter, Hidden carcinogen]
          • Petroleum and MIneral Oil derived ingredients [Frank and hidden Carcinogen]
          • Tetrasodium EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid tetrasodium salt) [Hormone Disruptor]

          Anti-aging, including brighteners:

          • Hydroquinone [Frank Carcinogen]
          • Methyl Cellosolve [Hormone Disruptor]
          • Mercury compounds (Thiomersal) [Frank Carcinogen]
          • Parabens [Hormone Disrupter, Hidden carcinogen]
          • PEGs (polyethylene glycol) [[Frank and Hidden Carcinogen]
          • Petroleum and mineral oil derived ingredients [Frank and Hidden carcinogen]
          *** May also include list from “Creams and Lotions” above

            Exfoliants and Masks:

            • 1,4-Dioxane [Hidden Carcinogen]
            • Tetrasodium EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid tetrasodium salt) [Hormone Disruptor]
            • Ethanolamines (DEA/TEA/MEA/ETA) [Hidden carcinogen, Penetration Enhancer]
            • Fragrance (Parfum) [hidden carcinogen]
            • PEGs (polyethylene glycol) [frank and Hidden Carcinogen]
            • Petroleum and mineral oil derived ingredients [Frank and Hidden carcinogen]
            • Parabens [Hormone Disruptor and Hidden Carcinogen] 

            Hand Sanitizers:

            • Benzalkonium chloride [Allergen]
            • Methylisothiazolinone ( also known as MI or MIT) and methylchloroisothiazolinone ( also known as MCI) [Penetration Enhancer, Allergen]
            • Mercury compounds (Thiomersal) [frank and hidden carcinogen]
            • Parabens [Hidden carcinogen, hormone disruptor]
            • Triclosan [frank carcinogen, allergen]
            • Tetrasodium EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid tetrasodium salt) [Hormone Disruptor]

            Nail Color and Care:

            • Oxybenzone [Allergen, Penetration Enhancer]
            • BPA [frank carcinogen]
            • Butoxyethanol [hidden carcinogen, Hormone disruptor]
            • Formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing preservatives (FRPs) [Hidden carcinogen]
            • Methyl Cellosolve [Hormone Disruptor]
            • Mercury compounds (Thiomersal) [frank and hidden carcinogen]
            • Phthalates [frank carcinogen, hormone disruptor]
            • Toluene [Frank Carcinogen, Hormone disruptor]

            Perfume:

            • Benzophenone and Benzophenone derivatives [Hormone Disruptor][1]
            • BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) [Frank and Hidden Carcinogen]
            • Butoxyethanol [hidden carcinogen, Hormone disruptor]
            • Ethanolamines (DEA/TEA/MEA/ETA) [Hidden carcinogen, Penetration Enhancer]
            • Methyl Cellosolve [Hormone Disruptor]
            • Phthalates [Frank carcinogen, Hormone Disruptor]

            -----

            [1] Check for other names it may be listed as - find on our Dirty List

            Perfume:

          • Benzophenone and Benzophenone derivatives [Hormone Disruptor] [14]
          • BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) [Frank and Hidden
          • Carcinogen]
          • Butoxyethanol [hidden carcinogen, Hormone disruptor]
          • Ethanolamines (DEA/TEA/MEA/ETA) [Hidden carcinogen, Penetration Enhancer]
          • Methyl Cellosolve [Hormone Disruptor]
          • Phthalates [Frank carcinogen, Hormone Disruptor]
          • Shampoo and Conditioner (Hair products including dyes):

            • Benzalkonium chloride [Allergen]
            • Butoxyethanol [hidden carcinogen, Hormone disruptor]
            • BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) [Frank and Hidden Carcinogen]
            • Coal tar (as dyes) [Frank and Hidden Carcinogen]
            • 1,4-Dioxane [hidden carcinogen]
            • Tetrasodium EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid tetrasodium salt) [Hormone Disruptor]
            • Ethanolamines (DEA/TEA/MEA/ETA) [Hidden carcinogen, Penetration Enhancer]
            • Formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing preservatives (FRPs) [Hidden Carcinogen]
            • Methylisothiazolinone ( also known as MI or MIT) and methylchloroisothiazolinone ( also known as MCI) [Penetration Enhancer, Allergen]
            • Parabens [Hormone disruptor, hidden carcinogen]
            • PEGs (polyethylene glycol) [frank and Hidden Carcinogen]
            • Resorcinol and 2-Methylresorcinol [Hormone disruptor]

            Shaving products:

            • Benzalkonium chloride [Allergen]
            • BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) [frank and Hidden carcinogen]
            • Ethanolamines (DEA/TEA/MEA/ETA) [Hidden carcinogen, Penetration Enhancer]
            • 1,4 Dioxne. [Hidden Carcinogen]
            • Formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing preservatives (FRPs) [frank and Hidden Carcinogen]
            • Methyl Cellosolve [Hormone Disruptor]
            • Methylisothiazolinone ( also known as MI or MIT) and methylchloroisothiazolinone ( also known as MCI) [Penetration Enhancer, Allergen]
            • Mercury compounds (Thiomersal) [frank Carcinogen]
            • Parabens [Hidden Carcinogen, Hormone Disruptor]
            • PEGs (polyethylene glycol) [frank and Hidden Carcinogen]
            • Tetrasodium EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid tetrasodium salt) [Hormone Disruptor]
            • *** May also include list from “Creams and Lotions” above

            Sun Care (sunscreen and after-sun):

            • Avobenzone [Allergen, penetration enhancer]
            • Benzalkonium chloride [Allergen]
            • Benzophenone and Benzophenone derivatives [Hormone disruptor][15]
            • BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) [frank and Hidden carcinogen]
            • Ethanolamines (DEA/TEA/MEA/ETA) [Hidden carcinogen, Penetration Enhancer]
            • Formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing preservatives (FRPs) [Hidden and frank carcinogen]
            • Methylisothiazolinone ( also known as MI or MIT) and methylchloroisothiazolinone ( also known as MCI) [Penetration Enhancer, Allergen]
            • Mercury compounds (Thimersol) [Frank carcinogen]
            • Parabens [Horomone disruptor and Hidden carcinogen]
            • Petroleum and mineral oil derived ingredients {frank and hidden carcinogen]
            • PEGs (polyethylene glycol) [Frank and hidden carcinogen]
            • Tetrasodium EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid tetrasodium salt) [Hormone Disruptor]
            • *** May also include list from “Creams and Lotions” above

            Toners:

            • Benzophenone and Benzophenone derivatives [Hormone disruptor]
            • Coal Tar [frank and Hidden carcinogen]
            • 1,4-Dioxane [Hidden carcinogen]
            • Ethanolamines (DEA/TEA/MEA/ETA) [Hidden carcinogen, Penetration Enhancer]
            • Fragrance (Parfum) [Hidden Carcinogen, Hormone disruptor]
            • Parabens [hidden carcinogen, Hormone disruptor]
            • Petroleum and mineral derived ingredients [Frank and hidden carcinogen]
            • Tetrasodium EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid tetrasodium salt) [Hormone Disruptor]
            '

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